Geriatric nursing is the specialty of nursing pertaining for older adults. Geriatric nursing is important to meet the health needs of an ageing population. It helps to promote health by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities in older adults. Geriatric nursing is replaced by gerontological nursing in the past 1970s. A geriatric nurse is a nursing specialist who directly works with the older people to provide them with specialized care, and a high-quality life. Geriatric nursing is important to an ageing population, due to longer life expectancy and declining fertility rates as the proportion of the old is gradually increasing. Geriatric nurses should be skilled in patient care. They take many works at the workplace as a caregiver. Working as a geriatric nurse is a very challenging and grafting, but sometimes it may be frustrating and disheartening they can be as counselors, advocates, and educators for their patients. Older adults are more likely than younger adults to have one or more chronic health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, hearing impairment, dementia, Alzheimer disease, cancer arthritis, diabetes, etc. The last few decades have brought in more interest in older people as their numbers in a society grow. Geriatric nursing has got large scale education through the fund offered to Hartford institute for geriatric nursing. People now-a-days survive for long periods so demand for working nurse in gerontology has increased. Advanced practice nurses who specialize in gerontology work in different settings, some of these settings include private practices, personal homes and nursing homes. Geriatric nursing includes generalist and specialist practice. A generalist is a registered nurse or licensed practice nurse. There are issues in geriatric nursing as there are nurse’s shortage continues to affect all aspects of nursing and geriatric nursing is no exception. Estimated that 50-150% more nurses are needed for this specialty in the next decade. Geriatric nursing can be unpopular because geriatric nurses sometimes perceived to be somewhat inferior in capabilities, or good for other specialties. By paying low salaries nurses are discouraged to work in this system. They burnout because of physical stress, emotional stress, regular encountering death and frequent heavy lifting. The specialty has advanced significantly since the 1990s. In between 2007 to 2010 geriatric nursing education has created teaching tools and trained educators in the US to improve gerontological content in nursing education. To experience working with the elderly people by providing them office setting. Geriatric nurses are the most important professionals in this field as they provide care daily for patients with unique needs. Human life expectancy has increased and the adults started ageing so the demand for geriatric nursing has expected to be increased in coming years. Special education is needed for geriatric nurses as they will be working outside as older people make an important role of all the patients across all specialties. Many specialists in this field administer medication and assist with pain management; they are also focused on preventative care, so their patients can avoid injuries and common medical conditions that develop later in their life.