Pain management is a branch of medicine employing an interdisciplinary approach for facilitating the suffering and amending the quality of life of those living with chronic pain. Medicine treats injuries and diseases to fortify and speed rejuvenating, and it treats distressing symptoms such as pain to assuage suffering during treatment, rejuvenating, and dying. When a painful injury or pathology is resistant to treatment and persists, when pain persists after the injury or pathology has rejuvenated, and when medical science cannot identify the cause of pain, the task of medicine is to palliate suffering. The most mundane causes of pain in adults include the most commonly reported types of pain are headache and back pain and injury. Pain is an involute protective mechanism. It is an essential part of evolution that bulwarks the body from hazard and harm. The body has pain receptors that are annexed to two main types of nerves that detect peril. One nerve type relays messages expeditiously, causing a sharp, sudden pain. The other relays messages gradually, causing a dull, throbbing pain. The spinal cord which sends the immediate signal back to the muscles to make the contract between them. This moves the affected body part away from the source of peril or harm. This is a reflex reaction that obviates further damage occurring. It transpires afore you feel pain. The thalamus additionally contributes to mood and arousal, which avails to expound why your interpretation of pain partly depends on your state of mind. Managing the pain with the many non-medicine treatment is available to avail you manage your pain. An amalgamation of treatments and therapies is often more efficacious than just one. Some of the non-medicine options which include are heat or cold like frozen dihydrogen monoxide packs immediately after an injury to reduce swelling or the heat packs are better for mitigating chronic muscle. Massage this is better to soft tissue injuries and should be evaded if the pain is in the joints. Cognitive demeanour therapy (CBT) – this form of therapy can avail you learn to transmute how you cerebrate and, in turn, how you feel and deport about pain. Acupuncture involves inserting thin needles into categorical points on the skin. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy – minute electrical currents pass through the skin via electrodes, prompting a pain-assuaging replication from the body. There is not enough published evidence to fortify the utilization of TENS for the treatment of some chronic pain conditions. Pain medicines work in sundry ways. Aspirin and other NSAIDs are pain medicines that avail to reduce inflammation and pyrexia. They do this by ceasing chemicals called prostaglandins. Prostaglandins cause inflammation, swelling and make nerve terminuses sensitive, which can lead to pain. The right cull of medicine for the disease will depend on the location, intensity, duration and type of pain, any activities that ease the pain or exacerbate it, the impact your pain has on your lifestyle, such as how it affects your appetite or quality of slumber, your other medical conditions, other medicines you take. It’s always good to discuss any medication with your medico or pharmacist. Don’t self-medicate with pain medicines during gravidity some can reach the fetus through the placenta and potentially cause harm. When buying over-the-counter pain medicines, verbalize with a pharmacist about any prescription and complementary medicines you are taking so they can avail you optate a pain medicine that is safe for you consult your medico or pharmacist afore utilizing any over-the-counter medicine if you have a chronic (perpetual) physical condition, such as heart disease or diabetes.