Transcultural nursing is defined as a substantive area of nursing focused on the comparative study and analysis of different cultures and sub-cultures. It is considered as one of the cognitive specialty in nursing, originated by combining the culture construct of anthropology with care construct of nursing. It is a combination of how professional nursing interacts with concept of culture. Transcultural nursing is the ability to connect people from different cultures and put all those cultures together to improve their health. It is an arena of nursing that responds to the need for developing global perspective within nursing practice in a world of interdependent people. As a course it combines international and transcultural content in to the training of nurses, learning cultural differences, nursing in other countries, international health issues and organizations. By developing transcultural nursing skills you can educate, care for and support people of different cultures, even in the face of language barriers. To be an effective transcultural nurse a nurse should possess the ability to recognize, appreciate cultural differences in healthcare values, and belief’s and customs, religious customs, they also should focus on someone’s way of life, their modes of thoughts and their unique customs can immensely affect them in how they deal with illness, healing, disease and death. In today’s healthcare facilities transcultural nursing is highly valued. Madeleine Leininger known is the founder of transcultural nursing. At her work place she noted some cultural differences between patients and nurses working with emotionally disturbed children. Nurse has the responsibility to understand the influence of culture, ethnicity, race on the development of social emotional child reering practices towards their health.
Role of nurse in transcultural nursing
Nurses who are specialized in the practice of transcultural nursing are called transcultural nurses. In general they act as specialists, generalists and consultants in order to study the interrelation ships of culturally constituted care from a nursing point of view. Nurse should began the assessment by attempting to determine the patients cultural heritage and language skills. Nurses should evaluate their attitudes towards ethnic nursing care. Some nurse believe that they should treat all the patients same and simply act naturally but this attitude fails to work as cultural differences do exist and there is no one natural human behavior, the nurse cannot be the same with all the patients as still hope to deliver effective, individualized, holistic care. Madeleine Leininger tell us that knowing and understatnding different cultures, respect to people, illness and caring practices, beliefs and values with moto to provide better nursing care to people. She recognized that health and illness are strongly influenced by culture and formulated the theory of transcultural nursing. The process of self-evaluation can help nurses to become more comfortable while care to clients from diverse backgrounds. The transcultural nursling main goal is to provide efficient nursing care to people, who are ill and to well-being and healthy individuals in a meaning full ways.