Nursing Ethics is defined as a branch of applied ethics that concern itself with activities in the field of nursing. Nursing ethics shares many principles with medical ethics, such as beneficence, non-maleficence and respect for autonomy. Nurse must create an environment of mutual trust and respect between patients and healthcare professionals. Ethical principles that nurse must adhere to the principles of justice beneficence, non-maleficence, fidelity, veracity. Ethics are fundamental to nursing; all nurses should respect their patients, maintain patients dignity and protect patients’ rights. Most important principles that should be considered in the nursing profession is respecting the patient/client and preserving human dignity. Nature of nursing that nursing ethics tends to examine the ethics of caring rather than curing by exploring the everyday interaction between nurse and the person in care. Although most of the nursing ethics can appear similar to medical ethics, but some factors differentiate it. Earlier nursing ethics focused on the virtues that would make a good nurse. Nursing ethics emphasizes the ethics everyday practice rather than moral dilemmas.
Nursing ethics is more concerned with developing caring relationship rather than other principles like beneficence and justice. Nurses seek to defend the dignity of those in their care, being able To respond the vulnerability of patients in a way that provides dignifying care is a key concept in the field. The standard ethical theory tell us that respecting dignity can also be aligned with the having respect for people, and their choices. Ethics are principles that describe what is expected in terms of right, correct, and wrong or incorrect in terms of behavior. Ethics and ethical practices are integrated in to all aspects of nursing care. Nurses must be clear and fair when they distribute care among the group of people. Beneficence is doing good and right thing for patient. Non maleficence is doing no harm as stated in the historical Hippocratic Oath. Harm can be intentional and unintentional. Fidelity is keeping ones promise, the nurse must be faithful a true to their professional promises, and responsibility by providing quality, safe care in a competent manner. Nurse encourages patients to make their decisions without any judgment from the nurse, the patient has all the rights to accept or reject the treatments. Veracity is being completely truthful with patients. The most commonly occurring ethical issues and concerns in healthcare include the allocation of scarce resources and end of life issues.
People are then making their own decision in their treatment that should be respecting by nurses. Although some patients cannot make their choices in their treatment due to being incapacitated or having a mental illness that affects their judgment. Another import principal in nursing ethics is confidentiality. This is what where information about the person is only shared with others after the permission of the person. By giving consideration to the above themes the nurse endeavors to practice in ethical way. Finally, the role of empirical ethics has become prominent in recent years.